Nixon in Honduras with Mary Castro IIE student to University of West Virginia

1940s: Destruction and Renewal

IIE began cooperating with the predecessor agencies of the U.S. Department of State with programs designed to counter the Axis propaganda threat including large-scale exchanges with Latin America.

1941
First government-sponsored exchange programs undertaken by IIE, focusing on Latin America.

1942
Secures aid for Chinese students unable to return home because of the war.

1943
First IIE regional bureau opened in Washington, D.C., as a center of information on international educational exchange.

1946
Submitted only one month after the U.S. dropped atomic bombs on Japan, Senator J. William Fulbright's proposal to use proceeds from the sale of war surplus to finance educational exchange becomes law.

1947
IIE and CIES asked by U.S. Government to administer the Fulbright Educational Exchange Program.

Arranges for more than 4,000 Americans to go to Europe to aid in reconstruction.

1948
The first UNESCO Fellows, foreign specialists brought to the U.S. for study, are placed and counseled by IIE.

Signs agreement with Department of Army to bring students from occupied areas of Germany, Japan, and Austria to the United States on exchange programs, as part of the post-war reconstruction effort.  


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