The United States Institute of Peace Act passed by the Congress and signed into law in 1984, established the Institute as a publicly funded national institution chartered to "serve the American people and the federal government through the widest possible range of education and training, basic and applied research opportunities, and peace information services on the means to promote international peace and the resolution of conflicts among the nations and peoples of the world without recourse to violence." The campaign to establish an Institute had begun a decade earlier, when the idea of a national peace academy was first brought to the Senate floor following recommendations by a commission appointed by President Jimmy Carter and chaired by Senator Spark Matsunaga. The legislation establishing the United States Institute of Peace was formally signed in 1984 by President Ronald Reagan.
The United States Institute of Peace (USIP) is an independent, nonpartisan, national institution established and funded by Congress to increase the nation's capacity to manage international conflict without violence.
USIP's Strategic Goals:
- To help prevent, manage, and resolve violent international conflict both within and between states
- To promote post-conflict stability and development
- To increase peacebuilding capacity, tools, and intellectual capital worldwide
- To build and shape the field of international conflict prevention and management and to professionalize its practice
- To build knowledge for peacebuilding
- To bridge research and practice in preventing, managing, and resolving violent conflicts
- To teach, train, inform policymakers, practioners, students and the public about the challenges of conflict prevention, management, and resolution and how to respond to those challenges