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Open Doors Data

International Students: All Places of Origin

Return to all data for "International Students: All Places of Origin"

Selected Years: 1949/50 - 1999/2000

PLACE OF ORIGIN 1949/50 1954/55 1959/60 1964/65 1969/70 1974/75 1979/80 1984/85 1989/90 1994/95 1999/00
                       
AFRICA 901 1,234 1,959 6,855 7,607 18,400 36,180 39,520 24,570 20,724 30,296
Africa, Unspecified 19 - - 9 17 30 - - - 18 9
                       
East Africa 57 118 444 2,099 1,959 4,040 5,580 7,080 7,330 7,139 11,559
Burundi - - - 6 6 5 12 32 54 68 40
Comoros - - - - - - 1 1 14 7 22
Djibouti - - - - - 1 2 16 19 18 7
Eritrea - - - - - - - - - 17 105
Ethiopia 37 62 170 266 540 2,050 1,340 2,120 2,020 1,325 1,286
Kenya - 19 156 774 492 870 1,850 1,890 2,200 2,603 5,684
Madagascar - - 1 22 7 9 30 44 70 77 114
Malawi - - 2 83 65 58 75 112 300 239 308
Mauritius - 9 10 9 18 21 40 97 152 222 209
Mozambique - 2 2 19 33 12 11 8 27 78 82
Reunion - - - - - 1 - - 1 - 3
Rwanda - - - 2 1 4 6 26 89 72 131
Seychelles - - - 2 5 2 5 8 21 18 15
Somalia - 2 11 102 80 39 220 710 420 91 91
Tanzania - 5 38 305 215 350 480 560 560 704 1,091
Uganda - 4 29 223 257 240 430 430 470 559 693
Zambia - 1 9 83 47 80 270 450 380 354 494
Zimbabwe 2 14 16 203 193 260 740 510 480 687 1,184
East Africa, Unspecified - - - - - 38 68 66 53 - -
                       
Central Africa 0 9 12 235 285 410 1,090 1,350 1,800 1,430 1,777
Angola - - 1 26 21 10 30 15 34 136 198
Cameroon - 1 9 94 125 250 770 970 1,240 758 903
Central African Republic - - - - 5 16 9 15 22 22 20
Chad - - - 2 10 2 23 30 15 25 42
Congo, Republic of the - - - 15 30 6 9 6 39 22 12
Congo, Dem. Rep. of - 5 2 94 91 110 210 230 380 370 489
Equatorial Guinea - - - 1 - 1 3 7 16 16 22
Gabon - - - 3 3 1 14 42 22 67 74
São Tomé and Príncipe - - - - - - - 9 16 11 16
Central Africa, Unspecified - 3 - - - 14 22 26 16 3 1
                       
North Africa 364 379 666 1,776 1,678 2,710 7,260 6,490 4,740 3,522 4,526
Algeria 8 1 7 83 45 240 1,560 780 480 251 214
Egypt 349 351 490 1,279 1,015 980 1,650 2,410 1,700 1,577 1,964
Libya - 4 27 74 286 980 3,030 1,200 210 57 38
Morocco 7 15 59 85 83 80 220 770 1,140 912 1,607
Sudan - 7 53 180 135 350 680 690 540 440 354
Tunisia - 1 30 75 114 80 68 640 660 283 344
North Africa, Unspecified - - - - - - 52 - 10 2 5
                       
Southern Africa 118 160 198 418 535 610 1,490 2,160 2,750 2,672 3,248
Botswana - - - 3 22 18 79 220 230 417 1,053
Lesotho - - 3 12 13 19 61 79 115 62 63
Namibia - 3 14 6 18 7 41 86 152 124 99
South Africa 118 157 181 390 457 510 1,170 1,610 2,050 1,919 1,962
Swaziland - - - 7 25 32 53 109 157 150 71
Southern Africa, Unspecified - - - - - 24 86 56 46 - -
                       
West Africa 361 568 639 2,318 3,133 10,600 20,760 22,440 7,950 5,943 9,177
Benin - - - 8 4 6 5 19 27 72 130
Burkina Faso - - - 4 7 3 22 37 39 36 74
Cape Verde - - - - - 1 34 52 107 65 44
Côte d’Ivoire/Ivory Coast - - - 17 30 190 310 300 350 406 563
Gambia - - - 13 44 100 180 190 220 403 263
Ghana 61 84 167 282 539 1,350 1,810 1,370 1,030 1,156 2,127
Guinea - - - 99 21 10 16 54 45 105 235
Guinea-Bissau - - - - - 2 18 21 11 25 29
Liberia 81 188 170 315 337 700 980 1,060 610 388 426
Mali - - - 8 7 11 62 81 117 187 207
Mauritania - - - - 1 1 5 23 43 24 62
Niger - - - 2 7 4 15 38 49 56 73
Nigeria 176 268 258 1,382 1,851 7,210 16,360 18,370 4,480 2,147 3,602
St. Helena - - - - 1 - - - - - -
Senegal - 27 - - 32 21 61 180 240 451 707
Sierra Leone 42 - 39 149 241 930 740 530 400 296 452
Togo - 1 1 39 11 13 19 45 99 118 176
West Africa, Unspecified 1 - 4 - - 48 123 70 83 8 7
                       
ASIA 6,806 10,175 17,808 30,640 51,035 58,460 81,730 143,680 208,110 261,789 280,149
Asia, Unspecified - - - - 2 - - - - - -
                       
East Asia 4,160 5,423 9,268 16,222 27,589 30,720 45,710 72,630 127,320 168,190 180,147
China, People's Rep. of - - - 5 19 22 1,000 10,100 33,390 39,403 54,466
Hong Kong - - - 3,279 7,202 11,060 9,900 10,130 11,230 12,935 7,545
Japan 265 1,673 2,248 3,534 4,311 5,930 12,260 13,160 29,840 45,276 46,872
Macau - - - 20 35 49 48 102 140 385 297
Mongolia - - - - - 1 - - 2 45 325
North Korea - - - - - 5 11 71 31 114 201
South Korea 258 1,197 2,474 2,604 3,991 3,390 4,890 16,430 21,710 33,599 41,191
Taiwan 3,637 2,553 4,546 4,620 8,566 10,250 17,560 22,590 30,960 36,407 29,234
East Asia, Unspecified   - - 2,160 3,465 13 41 47 17 26 16
                       
South and Central Asia 1,522 2,048 4,520 8,235 13,442 13,890 13,350 23,334 38,852 47,836 58,150
Afghanistan 48 82 99 159 268 290 270 138 220 111 110
Bangladesh - - - - - 480 980 2,010 2,470 3,371 3,845
Bhutan - - - 1 1 3 6 8 29 21 57
India 1,359 1,673 3,780 6,814 11,329 9,660 8,760 14,620 26,240 33,537 42,337
Kazakhstan - - - - - - - - - 267 542
Kyrgyzstan - - - - - - - - - 36 126
Maldives - - - - - - 1 8 3 7 18
Nepal - 4 34 84 109 58 180 320 610 1,264 2,411
Pakistan 102 255 534 1,081 1,576 3,140 2,660 4,750 7,070 6,989 6,107
Sri Lanka 13 34 73 96 159 230 490 1,480 2,210 2,097 1,968
Tajikistan - - - - - - - - - 17 71
Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - 10 65
Uzbekistan - - - - - - - - - 109 493
South Asia, Unspecified - - - - - 29 3 - - - -
                       
Southeast Asia 1,124 2,704 4,020 6,183 10,002 13,850 22,670 47,716 41,938 45,763 41,852
Brunei - - - 4 5 8 9 36 15 21 26
Cambodia - 2 36 209 17 120 290 270 145 82 152
East Timor - - - - 1 2 4 - - - -
Indonesia 36 153 531 766 683 1,080 2,440 7,190 9,390 11,872 11,300
Laos - 2 9 36 58 160 410 460 460 88 131
Malaysia 116 196 247 536 663 1,580 3,660 21,720 14,110 13,617 9,074
Myanmar/Burma 84 188 227 130 85 51 67 190 340 455 527
Philippines 701 1,476 1,722 2,473 2,782 2,130 2,890 3,660 4,540 3,472 3,143
Singapore - - - - 343 390 1,010 3,750 4,440 4,473 4,250
Thailand 187 586 1,006 1,630 4,372 6,250 6,500 7,220 6,630 10,889 10,983
Vietnam - 101 242 399 993 2,060 5,050 3,220 1,850 794 2,266
Southeast Asia, Unspecified - - - - - 19 340 - 18 - -
                       
EUROPE 6,105 5,648 7,290 11,323 20,022 15,361 25,200 38,190 51,190 73,489 90,661
Albania 3 2 1 - 1 10 3 1 1 133 855
Andorra - - - - - - - 2 6 9 13
Armenia - - - - - - - - - 104 342
Austria 145 149 102 162 317 180 250 370 580 887 1,041
Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - 80 166
Belarus - - - - - - - - - 88 283
Belgium 136 99 117 231 428 350 540 740 920 900 904
Bosnia and Herzegovina - - - - - - - - - 152 447
Bulgaria 16 2 1 11 37 10 12 14 75 1,396 2,847
Croatia - - - - - - - - - 478 812
Cyprus 53 47 63 145 195 210 420 2,200 1,750 1,962 2,071
Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - 654 941
Czechoslovakia 185 8 7 21 357 90 44 59 87 55 38
Denmark 128 150 121 174 281 220 400 450 820 1,022 1,066
Estonia 35 12 2 6 9 - - - - 226 249
Finland 112 130 118 185 275 260 410 550 740 924 905
France 506 472 572 833 1,977 1,610 2,250 3,390 5,340 5,843 6,877
Georgia - - - - - - - - - 142 347
Germany 671 762 720 1,504 2,634 1,610 3,000 4,190 6,750 8,592 9,800
Gibraltar - - - - 3 2 1 2 - - -
Greece 461 881 1,095 1,543 1,811 1,880 3,000 4,870 4,430 3,699 2,782
Hungary 139 11 53 82 145 47 42 90 440 885 1,166
Iceland 53 49 55 53 73 100 240 550 820 568 538
Ireland 56 59 109 238 516 370 490 910 1,380 909 1,166
Italy 259 312 443 646 1,174 720 1,100 1,750 2,370 2,704 3,286
Kosovo - - - - - - - - - - -
Latvia 44 9 3 19 27 - - - - 194 309
Liechtenstein - 2 2 - 2 - 2 1 3 16 11
Lithuania 46 - 4 7 19 - - - - 193 405
Luxembourg 3 11 8 7 11 15 33 30 41 65 69
Macedonia - - - - - - - - - - 258
Malta - 5 11 9 17 9 12 30 45 63 65
Moldova - - - - - - - - - 54 159
Monaco - - 1 1 3 2 3 6 9 18 17
Montenegro - - - - - - - - - - -
Netherlands 314 375 395 465 906 620 1,100 1,500 1,840 1,847 1,751
Norway 515 328 430 418 668 490 930 1,800 2,160 2,123 2,329
Poland 261 19 78 159 397 260 390 650 1,010 1,593 2,194
Portugal 75 55 129 140 172 220 400 650 690 739 918
Romania 45 2 3 28 110 110 74 74 120 1,133 2,716
Russia - - - - - - - - - 4,832 7,025
San Marino - - 1 1 2 - - 2 4 3 3
Serbia - - - - - - - - - - -
Slovakia - - - - - - - - - 166 498
Slovenia - - - - - - - - - 121 224
Spain 132 204 288 422 533 580 830 1,520 3,640 5,126 4,337
Sweden 158 162 219 280 471 420 850 1,360 1,740 3,432 4,994
Switzerland 173 175 171 275 509 440 860 950 1,240 1,630 1,893
Turkey 483 396 835 1,070 1,309 1,410 2,210 2,640 3,400 6,716 10,100
Ukraine - - - - - - - - - 792 1,673
United Kingdom 829 710 993 1,959 4,216 2,770 4,280 6,030 7,100 7,786 7,990
USSR 30 9 30 35 51 35 600 230 510 594 135
Vatican City/Holy See - - - - - 1 1 1 1 - 3
Yugoslavia 39 41 110 194 366 310 350 490 1,070 1,841 1,631
Europe, Unspecified - - - - - - 73 88 58 - 12
                       
LATIN AMERICA 6,044 8,446 9,428 13,657 24,991 26,271 42,280 48,560 48,090 47,239 62,097
Latin America, Unspecified - - - - - 10 - - - - -
                       
Caribbean 1,614 1,738 2,582 4,255 8,952 6,500 8,180 11,010 12,580 11,286 13,828
Anguilla - - - - - - - 2 25 16 63
Antigua and Barbuda - - - - - 49 93 126 240 254 287
Aruba - - - - - - - - 27 41 82
Bahamas - 55 84 112 258 690 1,330 1,520 1,640 1,858 1,902
Barbados - 15 60 106 123 170 260 350 450 621 701
British Virgin Islands - - 15 35 - 23 47 56 106 68 83
Cayman Islands - - - - 16 3 21 37 69 132 249
Cuba 749 717 935 1,565 4,487 1,110 1,130 1,500 980 86 139
Dominica - - - - - 11 23 30 82 170 256
Dominican Republic 68 74 86 214 802 570 640 690 960 976 922
Grenada - - - - - 80 84 91 174 214 292
Guadeloupe - - - 3 12 1 3 3 10 10 7
Haiti 81 110 113 190 563 530 540 1,400 1,490 795 1,145
Jamaica 290 528 902 1,183 1,353 1,790 2,150 2,200 2,850 2,878 3,762
Martinique 14 - 2 9 9 4 12 9 14 7 7
Montserrat - - - - - 4 3 5 20 22 18
Netherlands Antilles 50 53 40 77 110 100 340 540 730 500 390
St. Kitts and Nevis - - - - - 32 83 39 134 134 196
St. Lucia - - - - - 10 20 37 83 149 231
St. Vincent and the Grenadines - - - - - 24 23 37 68 118 209
Trinidad and Tobago 189 126 255 594 780 1,010 1,030 2,070 2,160 2,037 2,762
Turks and Caicos - - - - - 1 2 14 24 19 30
Caribbean, Unspecified 173 60 90 167 439 288 346 254 244 181 95
                       
Mexico and Central America 1,960 2,797 2,934 3,228 5,386 7,271 11,170 12,550 16,540 14,923 16,854
Belize - 24 33 58 120 90 107 135 360 334 464
Costa Rica 202 159 201 266 423 380 670 660 1,060 866 821
El Salvador 105 266 217 220 356 490 1,020 1,250 1,370 760 1,079
Guatemala 221 250 242 226 337 350 500 740 1,030 785 1,044
Honduras 103 187 151 193 326 400 810 1,280 1,470 1,148 859
Mexico 825 1,247 1,356 1,370 2,501 4,000 5,650 5,750 6,540 9,003 10,607
Nicaragua 127 215 190 255 453 670 1,170 1,150 2,450 615 591
Panama 377 449 544 640 868 882 1,200 1,570 2,260 1,409 1,389
Central America, Unspecified - - - - 2 9 43 15 - 3 -
                       
South America 2,470 3,911 3,912 6,174 10,653 12,490 22,930 25,000 18,970 21,030 31,415
Argentina 183 228 293 662 1,079 560 910 1,240 1,810 1,996 2,978
Bolivia 148 157 155 289 461 510 870 1,040 1,060 757 876
Brazil 423 507 473 691 1,349 1,970 2,910 2,790 3,730 5,017 8,600
Chile 148 171 251 462 906 950 1,190 1,190 1,100 907 1,429
Colombia 582 1,301 687 1,196 2,045 2,380 3,200 4,060 3,320 3,208 6,277
Ecuador 105 166 210 390 648 690 1,000 1,120 1,170 1,471 1,939
Falkland Islands - - - - - - - - - 3 5
French Guiana - - 1 - 7 2 8 2 3 6 8
Guyana 134 142 201 378 863 900 850 630 510 467 496
Paraguay 14 34 52 62 89 90 80 133 230 251 304
Peru 252 276 418 766 1,307 1,580 1,740 2,070 2,750 2,382 2,785
Suriname - 12 6 18 11 11 62 172 230 153 111
Uruguay 35 35 39 85 148 140 190 220 280 319 397
Venezuela 446 882 1,126 1,173 1,722 2,680 9,860 10,290 2,740 4,092 5,125
South America, Unspecified - - - 2 18 27 60 43 37 1 85
                       
MIDDLE EAST 1,724 3,636 5,579 8,762 11,761 22,290 81,070 51,740 32,180 21,568 22,725
Bahrain - 1 3 5 6 18 260 430 310 343 542
Iran 570 997 2,507 3,719 5,175 13,780 51,310 16,640 7,440 2,896 1,885
Iraq 499 650 675 919 512 420 1,220 1,550 770 255 112
Israel 251 790 807 1,539 2,288 2,390 2,730 2,480 2,910 2,692 3,238
Jordan 17 607 556 654 909 1,010 4,720 6,750 5,250 2,431 2,074
Kuwait - - 49 214 319 960 2,670 3,980 2,280 2,844 3,298
Lebanon 113 261 590 700 1,020 1,580 6,040 6,940 4,450 1,835 1,582
Oman - - 2 - - 11 170 400 620 585 661
Palestinian Territories 160 - - - - - - - - - 209
Qatar - - - 4 17 120 630 810 480 427 416
Saudi Arabia 18 40 93 552 1,029 1,540 9,540 7,760 4,110 4,075 5,156
Syria 96 280 283 434 469 410 840 2,180 1,500 678 641
United Arab Emirates - - - 1 2 25 740 1,270 1,450 2,071 2,539
Yemen - 10 14 21 15 18 190 544 610 426 372
Middle East, Unspecified - - - - - 8 10 6 - 10 -
                       
NORTH AMERICA 4,362 4,714 5,761 9,338 13,415 8,630 15,570 15,960 18,590 23,394 24,128
Bermuda - 59 82 85 97 200 440 590 720 647 584
Canada 4,362 4,655 5,679 9,253 13,318 8,430 15,130 15,370 17,870 22,747 23,544
North America, Unspecified - - - - - - - - - - -
                       
OCEANIA 198 337 568 1,265 2,077 2,650 4,140 4,190 4,010 4,327 4,677
Australia 149 238 367 678 1,077 950 1,560 1,560 1,740 2,247 2,617
Cook Islands - - 1 - 1 2 - 6 2 18 9
Fiji 2 11 21 64 66 36 57 104 158 147 214
French Polynesia - 3 6 24 48 24 32 29 95 92 94
Kiribati - - - - - - - 1 25 35 46
Marshall Islands - - - - - - - - 10 10 30
Micronesia - - - - - - - - - 574 226
Nauru - - - - - - - 2 - 1 4
New Caledonia - 1 - - - - 1 - 7 3 12
New Zealand 47 63 119 226 385 310 410 540 610 798 956
Niue - - - - - 1 - - 1 7 5
Norfolk Island - - - - - - - - - - -
Palau - - - - - - - - 71 94 58
Papua New Guinea - - - - 4 3 9 18 16 22 38
Samoa - 5 9 38 76 21 - 126 128 123 189
Solomon Islands - - - - - - 1 6 1 10 5
Tonga - 1 7 90 93 40 37 110 116 131 164
Tuvalu - - - - - - - - 1 6 4
Vanuatu - - - - - - - 2 1 9 3
Wallis and Futuna - - - - - - - - - - -
Pacific Islands, Unspecified - 15 38 145 327 1,263 2,033 1,686 1,028 - 3
                       
Stateless 195 42 93 205 341 134 170 270 110 105 7
                       
WORLD TOTAL 26,433 34,232 48,486 82,045 134,959 154,580 286,340 342,110 386,850 452,635 514,723

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Suggested citation: Institute of International Education. (2009). "All Places of Origin of International Students, Selected Years: 1949/50-1999/00." Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange. Retrieved from http://www.iie.org/opendoors