Henry A. Kissinger was sworn in September 22, 1973 at the White House as Secretary of State, a position he held until January 20, 1977. He served as Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (1969-1975) for Presidents Nixon and Ford. In 1983, he was appointed to Chair the National Bipartisan Commission on Central America until it ceased operation in January 1985. He is presently Chairman of Kissinger Associates, Inc., an international consulting firm. Among his other activities, Dr. Kissinger is a Member of the Boards of Directors of Continental Grain Company and Advisor to the Board of Directors of American Express Company. He is also a Trustee Emeritus of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and a Director of the International Rescue Committee.
Dr. Kissinger received a B.A. degree from Harvard College in 1950 and M.A. and Ph.D degrees from Harvard University in 1952 and 1954, respectively. From 1954 until 1969 he was a member of the faculty of Harvard University, both in the Department of Government and at the Center for International Affairs. He served as Study Director, Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy, for the Council of Foreign Relations from 1955 to 1956; Director of the Special Studies Project for the Rockefeller Brothers Fund from 1956 to 1958; Director of the Harvard International Seminar from 1952 to 1969; and Director of the Harvard Defense Studies Program from 1958 to 1969.
He is the author of numerous articles and books on United States foreign policy, international affairs, and diplomatic history. Among the awards he has received are the Guggenheim Fellowship (1965-66), the Woodrow Wilson Prize for the best book in the fields of government, politics and international affairs (1958), the American Institute for Public Service Award (1973), the Nobel Peace Prize (1973), and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian award (1977). Dr. Kissinger became a Member of the Board of Trustees of the Institute of International Education in 1999.
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