Based on a Fall International Student Enrollment Hot Topics Survey of U.S. higher education institutions conducted annually since 2005, this 2018 report provides the international education field with a quick and timely look at current patterns and trending topics in international student enrollment. The results of this survey are designed to provide insight into how U.S. higher education institutions are impacted by the shifting landscape in the United States and abroad. Additionally, the findings provide information for colleges and universities to benchmark their own enrollment patterns and to inform ongoing outreach and recruitment strategies. This year’s survey focused on understanding Fall 2018 new international student enrollment, institutional recruiting and outreach priorities, and the wider factors impacting U.S. colleges and universities. The report is released jointly with and complements the Open Doors Report, which provides a comprehensive view of international student enrollment in the United States based on data from the previous academic year (2017/18). However, it should be noted that this Hot Topics Survey report reflects responses from just 540 institutions. The full picture for 2018 fall enrollment, reflecting responses from thousands of U.S. higher education institutions, will be analyzed in detail in Open Doors 2019, available in November 2019.