The Artist Protection Fund draws upon the unwavering commitment that the Institute has demonstrated for over 100 years to preserve the lives, voices, and ideas of scholars around the globe. In 2002, IIE created the Scholar Rescue Fund to formalize this commitment, and has provided fellowships to enable nearly 800 scholars from 58 countries to escape from harm and continue practicing their scholarship in freedom and safety. With funding from the Mellon Foundation and with the participation of many arts organizations from around the world, IIE developed the Artist Protection Fund to fill a critical unmet need to provide relief and safe haven to artists on a large scale and for extended periods. While current emergency arts efforts in the United States and Europe advocate for artists and provide short-term assistance to get them out of immediate danger, a larger effort is needed to enable threatened artists to continue their work until conditions permit a safe return or re-settlement in a more hospitable environment.