The Artist Protection Fund draws upon the unwavering commitment that the Institute has demonstrated for over 100 years to preserve the lives, voices, and ideas of scholars around the globe. In 2002, IIE created the Scholar Rescue Fund (SRF) to formalize this commitment, and IIE-SRF has since provided fellowships enabling over 800 scholars from 59 countries to escape harm and continue practicing their scholarship in freedom and safety. With funding from the Mellon Foundation and with the participation of many arts organizations from around the world, IIE developed the Artist Protection Fund to fill a critical unmet need to provide relief and safe haven to artists on a large scale, and for extended periods.