As Indonesia’s economy continues to grow, economic inequality is also increasing. Inequality has left populations living near or below the poverty line with a higher risk of being left behind. Entrepreneurship provides an important avenue for poor and vulnerable (P&V) individuals to improve their lives, create opportunities for themselves and others in their communities, and contribute to Indonesia’s economic development. However, P&V youth, women, and persons with disabilities (PWDs) face unique challenges in being able to start their own businesses. Existing entrepreneurship programs rarely address the challenges to this group, including foundational skill gaps and the need for intensive coaching and mentoring to help them start and grow successful enterprises.
Between April 2017- April 2022, JAPRI leveraged and tailored existing entrepreneurship resources to develop, test, and scale customized approaches for promoting entrepreneurship among P&V individuals. To identify potential entrepreneurs, JAPRI first worked with local governments, community groups, and universities. Once participants were selected, JAPRI focused on increasing the interest of participants in entrepreneurship through a Business Motivation Workshop. After interest was demonstrated, JAPRI delivered an Entrepreneurship Training or a One-Day Business Training. Entrepreneurship Trainings were delivered by certified trainers who had completed JAPRI’s Training of Trainers. One-Day Business Trainings were delivered by JAPRI to participants who already had a business or were about to start a business.
Part of JAPRI’s unique approach was in its emphasis on business mentoring and coaching as follow-on activities after the initial training had taken place. Business mentoring was delivered by successful business owners who inspired participants by sharing their experience, tips, and tricks in their trades. Business coaching was delivered by certified coaches who had completed JAPRI’s Training of Coaches. Coaches helped participants set targets for their businesses and find ways to address challenges. Business mentoring and coaching accelerated and directly contributed to the creation and improvement of businesses, as they helped raise participants’ confidence and created an enabling environment for entrepreneurs within the broader community ecosystem.
As of the conclusion of the program, local stakeholders across Java continue to implement elements of the JAPRI model in their communities. On the national level, the Indonesian Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology is now hosting the JAPRI Entrepreneurship Training module on its online learning platform. IIE and its partners are also looking to adapt and replicate the model in new contexts in Indonesia and around the world.
Contact us to learn more about JAPRI and other USAID programs at IIE.