Higher Education Institution (HEI): Although there is no clearly recognized definition in Japan for what constitutes a HEI, the following entities are included in the analysis: universities, graduate schools, junior colleges, colleges of technology and specialized training colleges.
Public HEI: A HEI established by the Japanese federal or local governments. HEIs established by the central government are defined as national HEIs, while institutions established by local authorities are termed public HEIs.
Private HEI: Any HEI established by an incorporated educational institution.
Inbound/International Student: A student from a foreign economy who is receiving an education at any Japanese university, graduate school, junior college, college of technology, professional training college or university preparatory course and who resides in Japan with a "college student" visa status. Data provided reflects both degree/qualification students and short-term/non-award study students with length of stay in Japan ranging anywhere from 4 years and 3 months to 3 months.
Foreign Student: A foreign national enrolled in Japanese higher education who is granted residency status but does not hold a student visa. Foreign students are not considered international students and are not reflected in data provided to Project Atlas.
Outbound Student: A Japanese student who studies abroad in another country for the purpose of education or research in accordance with student exchange agreements between Japanese HEIs and HEIs in other countries.