Higher Education Institution (HEI): Hungarian higher education bodies include three main types of institutions: universities, universities for applied sciences, and colleges. Pursuant to the Hungarian Higher Education Law (2011), universities and universities for applied sciences are authorized to provide full-degree study programs taught not only in Hungarian but also in foreign languages. Higher education institutions also offer training programs that do not result in a higher education degree (tertiary vocational programs, post-graduate professional programs). Hungary has been taking part in the Bologna Process since 1999.
- Public HEI (if applicable): The institution maintained by the state, or a national minority self-government is a public higher education institution.
- Private HEI (if applicable): The institution maintained by an ecclesiastical legal entity, or a for-profit entity with a seat in Hungary, or a non-profit entity registered in Hungary (trust fund, public foundation, or religious association) is a private higher education institution.
Inbound/International Student: Hungary’s inbound student data submitted to Project Atlas was retrieved from the Hungarian Higher Education System that applies the Foreign Student term.
Foreign Student: The Hungarian Higher Education Information System, the official data management system at national level, defines a foreign student as an individual with foreign citizenship or in the case of students with multiple citizenships (whose one citizenship is Hungarian), the country of birth is not Hungary pursuing a degree program or undertaking a short-term study period at a Hungarian higher education institution. These students are included in Hungary’s data submitted to Project Atlas.
Outbound Student: An outbound student is a Hungarian individual participating in educational activities, study periods, internship, or trainee replacement abroad, that are recognized in their full-degree program in Hungary. The term Outbound Student defined by UNESCO is also widely applied in Hungary. Hungary’s outbound student data submitted to Project Atlas was retrieved from UNESCO.