Higher Education Institution (HEI): Individual legal entities that provide higher education. The division between Public and Private HEIs is not very relevant in Finland. Universities in Finland develop their own budgets and activities and are responsible for their finances and functions, etc. On the other hand, there is some public steering because a substantial amount of universities’ budgets come from the Ministry of Education (government). Also, universities hold performance negotiations with the Ministry of Education on issues such as number of entrants and fields of study offered.
Inbound/International Student: A degree/qualification student is a student with a foreign nationality pursuing a full-degree from a higher education institution in Finland. This includes foreign students and graduate and post-graduate students. A study abroad/non-award student is an international student in Finnish higher education who is participating in study periods and trainee placements for at least three months. These activities count towards the exchange student's degree at his/her home university (credit mobility). A foreign student is a higher education student who does not hold a Finnish citizenship including students who are legal residents of Finland. These students are included in Finland’s data submitted to Project Atlas.
Outbound Student: A degree/qualification student is a Finnish individual who receives student financial aid from the government (Social Insurance Institution (SII)) to pursue a full-degree undertaken at a foreign institution. A study abroad/non-award study student is a student who participates in educational activities abroad that count towards his/her degree in Finland (including internships etc.).